10.06.2021 - 09:15
On 10 June at 9:15 Veronika Mooses will defend her doctoral thesis “Towards a more comprehensive understanding of ethnic segregation: activity space and the vicious circle of segregation” for obtaining the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (in human geography and regional planning).
Associate Professor Siiri Silm, University of Tartu
Professor Rein Ahas, University of Tartu (2016–2018)
Professor Donggen Wang, Hong Kong Baptist University (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China)
Ethnic segregation is a topic that has been of interest to social scientists and geographers since the first half of the 20th century. Despite various measures and integration policies, segregation is rather increasing in many European cities, including Estonia. Previously more attention has been paid to residential segregation, but in the light of new segregation theories and data sources, more comprehensive approaches to segregation have emerged that cover whole human activity space and different time periods. The aim of this dissertation is to better understand segregation by exploring the relationship between ethno-linguistic background, social networks and activity space. The work uses passive mobile positioning data to study activity space segregation between the Estonian-speaking majority and the Russian-speaking minority in 2007-2016. Passive mobile positioning data is anonymous data on call activities with the spatial accuracy of mobile antennae. The results of the study showed that ethnic segregation between Estonian and Russian speakers in Tallinn is the highest in the place of residence, moderate in the workplace and low in out-of-home non-employment activity locations. Segregation is more pronounced in younger age groups. Estonian speakers have more extensive activity spaces than Russian speakers, but Russian speakers travel abroad more frequently. The dissertation shows that activity spaces are closely related to social networks. For example, during the holidays spatial segregation increases, especially in outside Tallinn, when Russian speakers travel to areas where more Russians are living. In light of the results, the creation of social ties between ethno-linguistic groups could be considered as an important lever for breaking the vicious circle of segregation and promoting integration which is facilitated by learning in a common Estonian education system.
Senate Hall (Ülikooli 18–204) and via video bridge